Colusa National Wildlife Refuge

On our way down to Arizona we stopped at the Sacramento NWR but didn’t feel like we had time to stop at Colusa, just a few miles away from the Sacramento NWR.  Leaving from Fresno, though, I thought we would have time to do Merced, Colusa and Sacramento. Unfortunately, birding was so good at Merced that we didn’t see a lot of birds at Colusa that we hadn’t seen a few hours before.  

Snow Geese were the most common birds at Colusa, even though they weren’t there in the same numbers as we had seen them in the past.

Snow Geese

The Snow Geese at Colusa are distinctive in that they all seem to have rust-colored heads, which must come from clay in the water.  Strangely enough, the Snow Geese at Sacramento NWR, just 30 miles north, don’t have those rust-colored heads. 

Snow Geese with Mud-Stained Heads

nor do the Greater White-fronted Geese at Colusa, probably because they mostly eat seeds and waste grain in fields, and graze on new growth.

Greater White-fronted Goose

As usual in California, we saw Great Egrets throughout our trip, but this is a nice closeup Leslie took.

Great Egret

The highlight of this visit was the discovery that the Black-crowned Night-heron rookery seems to be coming back.  

Night Heron

There aren’t nearly as many Night-heron as there was when we first sighted them several years ago, but there weren’t any on our last two visits. We’re hoping there will be a resurgence by our next visit. 

Even though there is a lot of overlap between birds observed at Sacramento NWR and the Colusa NWR, I’ve never seen a Night Heron at Sacramento and I’ve usually seen them at Colusa.  On the other hand, I have often seen Avocets at Sacramento, but can’t remember ever seeing one at Colusa. More importantly, we get to see bird we seldom see at home.

Five More from Merced

If you visit Merced National Wildlife Refuge at the right time you might see huge flocks of Sand Hill Crane or huge flocks of White Pelicans, but, judging from my limited experience, no matter when you visit you’ll see a wide variety of birds and animals because it is ideal habitat.  

Who wouldn’t love to be greeted by a Meadowlark celebrating a beautiful morn, 

Meadowlark Singing

a Northern Shoveler proudly parading in full breeding colors

male Northern Shoveler

accompanied by his partner, 

female Northern Shoveler

a male Ruddy Duck sporting an almost blue bill,

male Ruddy Duck in transitional plumage

and a White-crowned Sparrow looking particularly sharp in the morning sunlight?

White-crowned Sparrow

Photoshopping Bird Photos

I loved the Black-necked Stilt photos I got at the Merced National Wildlife Refuge, but my favorite sequence came when a Red-tailed Hawk buzzed us, all the time serenading us with its hoarse, raspy screech.  I’ve gotten a lot of shots of Red-Tailed Hawks sitting on branches or soaring far overhead, but I’ve never gotten shots quite like this before.  

When I get a shot like this, I want to ensure it’s presented as well as possible. In the good old days when I began taking photographs you simply sent color photos to the lab and lived with what came back.  Those days have been gone for quite a while now.  I think I could safely say that I haven’t posted a picture straight out of the camera for several years now. 

I have my Canon set to the “neutral” picture style when shooting jpg so that I have maximum control over the final picture.  There are seven different styles you can choose from: Auto, Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, and Monochrome.  Or, I just shoot in Camera Raw format — which allows an even wider range of controls when editing. 

When I switched to the new (and lighter) EOS R5 with a 600mm lens, I found it desirable to use noise reduction plugins on all my shots. After denoising photos, I usually use Auto in Lightroom as a starting point for adjusting their exposure.  I’m sure Auto is a modern version of what determined the correct exposure on printed photos.  I seldom accept that as a final point before transferring the photo to Photoshop.  Not too long ago, you had to apply all adjustments to the whole picture, but with sophisticated AI masking, you can now select certain parts of the picture and adjust just that part of the picture.  

That’s particularly useful when working on a shot of a bird flying.  Getting the right exposure of the bird (the subject of the photo) often meant that the sky ended up looking nothing like it did when the picture was taken.  Too often it was blown out, and I was left with a white background or a pale blue sky that lacked punch. There have always been ways of correcting those effects in Photoshop, but they were all time-consuming, and time is hard to come by even when you’re retired.  

Artificial Intelligence has recently added infinitely more ways of quickly altering the sky. In Photoshop it’s simply called Sky Replacement; in On1 it’s called Sky Swap.  It only takes two or three clicks and that dull, flat sky is replaced with any kind of sky you wish.  In the past, I’ve pretty much limited myself to selecting a similar sky with a few clouds, lowering the opacity, and merging the two to recreate what I actually saw. The use of AI like this raises all kinds of questions.  

I have to admit to having a prejudice against oversaturating colors in scenic or birding pictures so people have unrealistic expectations.  Though I’ve been guilty many times of altering the background of my photos, I’ve always tried to recreate exactly what I saw of the bird when taking the photo.  Birds are beautiful enough in their own right that they don’t need to be hyped to make them more beautiful. 

The Red-tailed Hawks shown in the following six shots are all exposed the same. I used Denoise to reduce noise and slightly sharpen the images and Auto to correct exposure.  Only the sky has been altered — subtly or dramatically.  

This version is pretty much straight out of the camera:            

In this shot, I blended a darker blue area to focus attention on the hawk.

This shot uses a dramatic sky that compliments the hawk in ways that the others don’t. Surprisingly (to me, at least), it does a better job of creating the excitement I felt when I captured this shot.

Here’s a similar sequence for a picture taken seconds later.

I suspect most people wouldn’t even notice the dark blue area that draws attention to the main subject.

The final shot uses a different background than the third, but it, too, reflects the colors in the Red-tailed Hawk.

It goes against everything I’ve done in the past, but I think I prefer the third and sixth pictures because they come closer to the excitement I felt when I took the pictures than the other pictures do.  

How do you feel about this new-found ability to use AI to change the photos we take?

Love the One You’re With

We stayed three days at Jeff and Debbie’s so we only had two days before we needed to be home.  Originally I had planned on visiting four different national wildlife refuges on the way home: Merced, Colusa, Sacramento and Ridgefield, We started at the Merced National Wildlife Refuge where I hoped to see Sandhill Cranes as we had in the past. Unfortunately, there were none to be seen anywhere as they had apparently already left for Oregon and Washington.

The fields surrounding the refuge were flooded and full of birds, like these White-Faced ibises and Egrets.           

flooded fields near Merced Wildlife Refuge

I even briefly stopped on the highway to get this shot of a Black-necked Stilt,

Black-necked Stilt

a shot I liked a lot until I got even better shots later on the refuge. 

Black-necked Stilts tend to be shy so it’s unusual to get nearly as close as I did in this shot —and the others that follow.

Closeup of Black-necked Stilt

I was almost too close because I had difficulty keeping it within the frame.  It was even harder to keep it within the frame when it took off

Black-necked Stilt flying

and flew a short distance away.

Black-necked Stilt landing

I ended up with several shots of the stilt flying, but these were my favorites, particularly the first one.  

I usually go to a specific birding area expecting, or, at least, hoping, to see certain birds, but I’ve birded long enough to know that you may not see what you have seen in the past. Though I was disappointed that there weren’t any Sandhill Cranes to be seen, I loved the shots that I got of this Black-necked Stilt and several other birds and certainly didn’t leave feeling disappointed.